Fifth Discourse - the yoga of renunciation of action "Arjuna asks: the renunciation of actions or yoga, which is better of the two? Krishna - Renunciation and yoga of action both lead to highest bliss, but yoga of action is superior to renunciation of action... He who does actions, offering them to Brahman, and abandoning attachment, is not tainted by sin, just as a lotus-leaf is not tainted by water... Neither agency nor actions does The Lord create for the world, nor union with the fruits of actions. But it is Nature (Prakriti, three Gunas) that act... But to those whose ignorance is destroyed by the knowledge of the Self, like the sun, knowledge reveals Supreme Brahman... Resting in Brahman, with steady intellect and non-deluded, the knower of Brahman neither rejoiceth or obtaining what is pleasant nor grieved on obtaining what is unpleasant... With the senses, the mind and the intellect controlled, having liberation as his supreme goal, free from desire, fear and anger, the sage is verily liberated for ever." Sixth Discourse - the yoga of meditation "Krishna: He who performs his bounden duty without depending on the fruits of his actions - he is a sannyasi and a yogi; not he who is without fire and without action... The Supreme Self of him who is self-controlled and peaceful is balanced in cold and heat, pleasure and pain, as also in honor and dishonor. The yogi who is satisfied with the knowledge and wisdom of the Self, who has conquered the senses, and to whom a clod of earth, a piece of stone and gold are the same, is said to be harmonized (I.e. is said to have attained Nirvikalpa Samadhi)... In a clean spot, having established a firm seat of his own, neither too high or low. Make the mind one-pointed on Brahman, with the actions of the mind and senses controlled, practice yoga of meditation... Verily yoga is not possible for him who eats too much, or not eat at all, nor for him who sleeps too much, or always awake. Moderate in eating, recreation, exertion in actions, moderate in sleep and wakefulness... Abandoning without reserve all desires born of thought and imagination and completely restraining senses of the mind from all sides... Supreme Bliss verily comes to this yogi whose mind is quite peaceful, whose passion is quieted, who has become Brahman and who is free from sin... He who sees me everywhere and sees everything in Me, he never separated from Me, nor do I become separated from him. Arjuna: I don't see a steady continuance in meditation because of restlessness. The mind is turbulent, strong and unyielding. I find it difficult to control as to control the wind. Krishna: the mind is difficult to control and restless, but by practice and by dispassion it may be restrained. Arjuna: he who is unable to control himself though he has the faith and whose mind wanders away from yoga, what end does he, having failed to attain perfection in yoga meet? Krishna: neither in this world nor in the next world is there destruction for him; none verily who does good O My son, ever comes to grief. Having attained to the worlds of the righteous and having dwelt for everlasting years, he who fell from yoga is reborn in a house of the pure and wealthy. There he comes in touch with the knowledge acquired in his former body and strives more than before for perfection." Seventh discourse - the yoga of wisdom and realization "Krishna: Among thousands of men, one person strives for perfection; even among those successful strivers, only one person knows Me in essence. Earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intellect and egoism - this is My Nature divided eightfold... There is nothing whatsoever higher then Me, all this is stung on Me, as clusters of gems on a string. I am the vapidity in water, the light in the moon and the sun, syllable OM in the Vedas, sound in ether and virility in men... Whatever brings and objects that are pure, active and inert, know that they proceed from Me. They are in Me, yet I AM not in them. Deluded by these natures (prakriti, three Gunas), all the world does not know Me as distinct from them and immutable. The evil-doers and the deluded who are the lowest of men do not seek Me; they whose knowledge is destroyed by illusion follow the ways of demons... At the end of many births the wise man comes to Me, realizing that all this is Brahman ( the innermost Self), such a great Soul is very hard to find... I know the beings of the past, the present and the future, but no one knows Me... Those who know Me with the Adhibhuta (elements), Adhidaiva (gods) and Adhiyajna (sacrifice) know Me even at the time of death, steadfast in mind." Eighth discourse - the yoga of imperishable Brahman "Krishna: Whosoever at the end leaves the body, thinking of any being only does he go, because of his constant thought of that bring. Therefore at all times remember Me only and fight. With mind and intellect fixed or absorbed in Me, thou shalt doubtlessly come to Me alone... Having attained Me these great souls do not again take birth here which is the place of pain and is non eternal; they have reached the highest perfection (liberation)... Those people who know the day of Brahma which is of a duration of a thousand yugas (ages) and the night which is also of a thousand yugas, they know day and night. From the un-manifested all the manifested worlds proceed at the coming of the day; at the coming of the night they dissolve verily into that alone which is called un-manifested. But verily there exists higher than this un-manifested another un-manifested Eternal which is not destroyed when all beings are destroyed. To reach is the highest goal. Whose you reach do not return to this samsara. That is the highest abode... The bright and the dark paths of the world are verily thought to be eternal; by the one, the bright path, a man goes not to return and by the other, the dark path he returns... Whatever fruit of merit is declared in the scriptures to accrue from the study of the Vedas, the performance of sacrifices, the practice of austerities and gifts, beyond all this goes the yogi, having known this, he attains to the Supreme Primeval (first or ancient) abode." Ninth discourse - the yoga of kingly science and the kingly secret "Krishna: I shall now declare to thee who does not cavil, the greatest secret, the knowledge combined with experience (Self-realization). Having known this thou shalt be free from evil... As the mighty wind, moving everywhere, rests always in the ether, know thou that all beings rest in Me. All beings go into my nature at the end of a Kalpa (cycle); I send them forth again at the beginning of the next Kalpa... Fools disregard Me, clad in human form, not knowing My higher Being as the great Lord of all beings. Of vain hopes, of vain actions, of vain knowledge and senseless, they verily are possessed of the deceitful nature of daemons and un-divine beings. But the great Souls partaking of My divine nature, worship Me with a single mind with the mind devoted to nothing else, knowing Me as the imperishable source of beings... I AM the Kratu (Vedic sacrifice), Vajna (worship from holy books), offering food to manes ( creative elements), medicinal herb and all the plants, mantra, ghee and melted butter, fire and oblation. I AM the father, the mother, dispenser of the fruits of actions and grandfather, the One to be known, the purifier, the sacred OM and the Vedas. I AM the goal, the supporter, The Lord, witness, abode, shelter, friend, origin, dissolution, foundation, treasure house and the seed which is imperishable. As the sun, I give heat, I withhold and send forth the rain, immortality and death, existence and nonexistence... Whoever offers Me with devotion a leaf, a flower, a fruit or a little water- that so offered devotedly by the pure minded, I accept... Even if the most sinful worships Me, with devotion to none else, he too should indeed be regarded as righteous for he has rightly resolved. He attains to eternal peace and for certain never destroyed. Fix thy mind with Me. Fix your head, heart and hands to Me. Get your heart in tune with Me. Become a true worshipper. You will secure eternal bliss. Having known Me, you will cross beyond death." Tenth discourse - the yoga of divine glories "Krishna: Neither the hosts of the gods nor the great sages know My origin; for in every way I am the source of all the gods and the great sages. He who knows Me as unborn and beginning-less, as the great lord of the worlds, he among mortals is un-deluded and he is liberated from all sins. Intellect, wisdom, non-delusion, forgiveness, truth, self-restraint, calmness, happiness, pain, existence or birth, non-existence or death, fear and also fearless, non-injury, equanimity, contentment, austerity, beneficence, fame, Ill-fame - these different kinds of equalities of being arise from Me alone. The seven great sages, the ancient four and also the Manus, possessed of powers like Me (on account of their minds being fixed on Me), were born of My mind; from them are these creatures born in this world. He who is truth knows these manifold manifestations of My Being and this yoga-power of Mine becomes established in the unshakable yoga; there is no doubt about it. I am the source of all; from Me everything evolves; understanding thus, the wise, endowed with meditation, worship Me. With their mind and their life wholly absorbed in Me, enlightening each other and ever speaking of Me, they are satisfied and delighted. To them who are ever steadfast, worshipping Me with love, I give the yoga of discrimination by which they come to Me. Out of mere compassion for them, I, dwelling within their Self, destroy the darkness born of ignorance by the luminous lamp of knowledge... Among the twelve adityas, I am Vishnu; among luminaries the radiant sun, I am marichi among the seven or forty nine maruts, among the stars I am moon. I am mind among senses, intelligence among living beings. Among rudras, Shankara. Among rakshasas, kubera. Among seven mountains meru. Among great sages bhrigu. Among sacrifices, silent repetition. Among immovable, Himalayas, mount Shasta. Among all the trees, I am peepul, among the divine sages I am Narada, among gandharvas, chitraratha; among the perfected, the sage kapila. I am ananta (fire colored) among the nagas (many heads), I am Varuna among water deities, Aryaman among the manes, Yama among governors. Prahlada among the daemons, reckoners among time, lion among beasts, Garuda among birds. Rama among the warriors, among fishes shark, among streams Ganga. Among science knowledge of Self. Among letters, A. Among female qualities, fame, prosperity, speech, memory, intelligence, firmness and forgiveness. Among hymns, brihat saaman, among meters gayatri. I am gambling of fraudulent. I am vasudeva. I am Arjuna. I am vyasa. I am usanas. Among secrets, silence... And whatever is the seed of all beings, that I AM, there is no being whether moving or unmoving they can exist without Me."